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Barech - Blessing after the meal

Barech -

Blessing after the meal

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After we eat the Afikomen, we pour the third cup of wine (the Cup of Redemption) and give thanks to the LORD for the fellowship and the meal we have shared (note that Jews normally do not say "grace" before meals (as do many Christians), but rather after they have eaten; and they do not "bless" the food, either, but rather acknowledge that God is the One who provides for their sustenance). We often read Psalm 126 at this time.

The full grace said after meals, called Birkat Hamazon, is a rather long prayer that involves several blessings (see a good Haggadah for the entire recitation). An alternative, shorter version is provided here (it is actually the first part of the entire blessing):

Birkat HaMazon

Blessed are you, LORD our God, master of the universe, Who nourishes the whole world in goodness, with grace, kindness, and compassion. He gives bread to all flesh, for His mercy endures forever. And through His great goodness we have never lacked, nor will we lack food forever, for the sake of His great Name. For He is God, who nourishes and sustains all, and does good to all, and prepares food for all His creatures which He created. Blessed are You, LORD, who nourishes all. Amen.

Yearning for Mashiach

The following prayer for the soon appearance of the Mashiach is included:

Hagadah Reading

Harachaman, hu yanchileinu yom she-kulo tov.
Harachaman, hu yezakeinu limot hamashiach ul'chayei ha'olam habah.

The Compassionate One! May He make us inherit the day that is completely good.
The Compassionate One! May He make us worthy of the days of the Messiah
and the life of the world to come.

The following portion is also recited:

Hagadah Reading

migdol yeshu'ot malko v'oseh chesed limshichu, l'david ul'zaro 'ad 'olam.
Oseh shalom bimromav, hu ya'aseh shalom aleinu v'ad kol yisrael, v'imru amein.

He is a tower of salvation to His King, and He does chesed for His anointed, to David and his Seed forever. May He who makes peace in His heights make peace upon us, and upon all Israel. And say ye, Amen.

The Third Cup (Redemption)

We now make ourselves ready to partake of the third cup, the Cup of Redemption. We first read Matt. 26:27-28 and 1 Cor. 11:23-29.  After the reading, we pause in silence....

The seder leader holds up the cup and says:

"This Cup of Redemption represents God's New Covenant,
and the very blood of Yeshua that was shed for the forgiveness
of our sins. Drink this, all of you who are trusting
in the LORD's great salvation."

Before drinking, we recite: 

Third Cup
Third Cup

Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam,
borei peri hagafen.

"Blessed art Thou, LORD our God, King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine."

Since the New Testament says explicitly that Yeshua took the bread and wine "after (the Passover) supper" (Luke 22:20, 1 Cor. 11:25) it is clear that this cup, the Cup of Redemption, is the one He raised when He said, "This cup is the New Covenant in my blood, which is shed for you" (Matt. 26:27-39). The Cup of Redemption commemorates the shed blood of the innocent lamb that brought redemption from Egypt, but it even more fully commemorates the greater redemption provided by the shed blood of Yeshua as Seh Elohim.

For the believer in Yeshua, this cup also symbolizes our participation in the ketubah (marriage contract) of the New Covenant, in which the groom (chatan) signified his pledge by sharing a cup of wine with His bride (kallah). Pesach, therefore, was originally intended to be the model for the Christian practice of Communion (or the "Lord's Supper").

Jesus had earlier said to his disciples, anokhi hagefen v'atem hazemorot, "I am the Vine and you are the branches" (John 15:5). When we trust in Him as our Savior, we become the "fruit of the vine" and become a part of his body.

We take a moment to reflect on the glory and love and goodness of the LORD God of Israel and then recite:

Rev 5:12

navah la-Seh hatavu'ach la-kachat 'oz v'osher v'chokhmah
v'gevurah v'hod v'hadar uv'rakhah

Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing! (Rev. 5:12)

Note: Jesus told his disciples that He would not drink the fourth cup (the Cup of Restoration), but promised to do so with them in the coming Kingdom (Matt. 26:29), after the Great Tribulation when "all Israel shall be saved."  Maran ata!

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